WORLD WAR ONE CENTENARY

AUGUST 1914

TISBURY AND THE GREAT WAR

David Childs

On 3 August 1914 Germany declared war on France and, the next day, invaded Belgium, as part of the Schlieffen Plan to scythe around the north of France and envelop the French Army. As a guarantor of Belgian neutrality Britain had no option but to declare war on Germany on 4 August. The French pushed into the lost lands of Lorraine but were repulsed as were the Austrians in their attack on Serbia. French losses mounted steadily culminating in 27,000 men killed in one day during the Battle of the Frontiers on 22 August. The next day the British fought their first action at Mons but then began a retreat, made more problematical in that the commander of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal French, failed to establish good relations and co-ordinate responses with his allies. Between 24 and 29 August the Russians suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Tannenberg which, effectively finished them off as a major fighting force against Germany. However, by the end of August the German advance into France had almost run out of steam and the opportunity for the British and French to launch a counter-attack was slowly being realised.

WE WILL REMEMBER

Charles Lever, Private, 1st Battalion Wiltshire Regiment, aged 29, died on Tuesday 25 August 1914. Son of Sydney and Lucy Lever of Fonthill Bishop, Tisbury. As a soldier in the 1st Battalion in 1914 he would have been a regular soldier and would have enlisted before the war.
At 05.45 on 4 August 1st Battalion Wiltshire Regiment, part of 7th Infantry Brigade, based in Tidworth, was ordered to mobilise. By 12/13 August the whole battalion was in ROUEN, France and started marching to Flanders. On 21 August it was in billets near Mons. The battalion was not involved in the first day of the Battle of Mons but on 24 August at CIPLY the trenches were heavily shelled by artillery and suffered its first casualties, one officer and three men killed, twenty-one wounded.
Private Charles Lever was killed during these actions but has no known grave. His name is commemorated on the La Ferte Sous Juarre Memorial, Siene et Marne, in a small park south of the River Marne. His body would have been buried in a grave "known only to God".

POEM FOR AUGUST 1914
by John Masefield

How still this quiet cornfield is to-night!
By an intenser glow the evening falls,
Bringing, not darkness, but a deeper light;
Among the stooks a partridge covey calls.

The windows glitter on the distant hill;
Beyond the hedge the sheep-bells in the fold
Stumble on sudden music and are still;
The forlorn pinewoods droop above the wold.

An endless quiet valley reaches out
Past the blue hills into the evening sky;
Over the stubble, cawing, goes a rout
Of rooks from harvest, flagging as they fly.

So beautiful it is, I never saw
So great a beauty on these English fields,
Touched by the twilight's coming into awe,
Ripe to the soul and rich with summer's yields.

These homes, this valley spread below me here,
The rooks, the tilted stacks, the beasts in pen,
Have been the heartfelt things, past-speaking dear
To unknown generations of dead men,

Who, century after century, held these farms,
And, looking out to watch the changing sky,
Heard, as we hear, the rumours and alarms
Of war at hand and danger pressing nigh.

And knew, as we know, that the message meant
The breaking off of ties, the loss of friends,
Death, like a miser getting in his rent,
And no new stones laid where the trackway ends.

The harvest not yet won, the empty bin,
The friendly horses taken from the stalls,
The fallow on the hill not yet brought in,
The cracks unplastered in the leaking walls.

Yet heard the news, and went discouraged home,
And brooded by the fire with heavy mind,
With such dumb loving of the Berkshire loam
As breaks the dumb hearts of the English kind,

Then sadly rose and left the well-loved Downs,
And so by ship to sea, and knew no more
The fields of home, the byres, the market towns,
Nor the dear outline of the English shore,

But knew the misery of the soaking trench,
The freezing in the rigging, the despair
In the revolting second of the wrench
When the blind soul is flung upon the air,

And died (uncouthly, most) in foreign lands
For some idea but dimly understood
Of an English city never built by hands
Which love of England prompted and made good.

If there be any life beyond the grave,
It must be near the men and things we love,
Some power of quick suggestion how to save,
Touching the living soul as from above.

An influence from the Earth from those dead hearts
So passionate once, so deep, so truly kind,
That in the living child the spirit starts,
Feeling companioned still, not left behind.

Surely above these fields a spirit broods
A sense of many watchers muttering near
Of the lone Downland with the forlorn woods
Loved to the death, inestimably dear.

A muttering from beyond the veils of Death
From long-dead men, to whom this quiet scene
Came among blinding tears with the last breath,
The dying soldier's vision of his queen.

All the unspoken worship of those lives
Spent in forgotten wars at other calls
Glimmers upon these fields where evening drives
Beauty like breath, so gently darkness falls.

Darkness that makes the meadows holier still,
The elm-trees sadden in the hedge, a sigh
Moves in the beech-clump on the haunted hill,
The rising planets deepen in the sky,

And silence broods like spirit on the brae,
A glimmering moon begins, the moonlight runs
Over the grasses of the ancient way
Rutted this morning by the passing guns.

©  Tisbury History Society
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